Antidote for Aging: Synthetic Viper Venom Smooths Over a Cross-cultural Concern


The perception and manifestation of aging and beauty vary depending on ethnicity and region.1 Recent studies of women having various skin types showed significant differences in the appearance of pores,2 wrinkles and sagging,3–5 as well as transepidermal water loss,6 skin capacitance6, 7 and biochemical markers.8 Furthermore, differences in skin architecture, structure and composition depending on ethnicity can lead to different onsets of aging,9 although UV irradiation is still the most important factor. More recently, the term skin aging exposome was also penned10 to include other environmental factors such as air pollution, smoking or lifestyle.

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