Recent in Testing (page 9 of 9)

Image Processing and Analysis to Evaluate the Effects of Porous Polyamide Microspheres in Cosmetics

Described here is an image processing system that compensates for changes in illumination and volunteer position, and two algorithms to quantify skin texture and wrinkles. These methods evaluate skin parameters from a single image without contacting skin. Their abilities are demonstrated here in evaluations of the benefits of porous polyamide ultra-fine powders on skin texture and gloss.

In vitro/vivo SPF Correlation and Repeatability According to Substrate

This work evaluates the impact of three different substrates on in vitro SPF measurements, and defines experimental conditions to improve their correlation with in vivo values. Evaluations of 32 products, shown here, led the authors to conclude that molded substrates improved repeatability and correlation with in vivo SPF values.

Testing SPF 15–100, Indoor vs. Outdoor

Lab tests on sunscreens show it takes more energy to produce mild erythema on protected skin than unprotected skin. Yet the FDA questions the need for SPFs higher than 50. In response, two outdoor studies were conducted using commercial products to challenge standing premises and determine if there is a measurable difference in an SPF 100 and SPFs of 50 or less.

Testing Sun Protection Factor on Skin

There are various test methods set by global governing bodies for SPF protection, but this article will discuss the five time-point internationally approved ISO 24444 method.

Detecting Estrogenic Endocrine Disruptors in Personal Care Products and Supplements

Endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs) are a class of chemicals that has raised alarm for being linked to a wide variety of detrimental effects on human and wildlife populations, e.g., cancers, precocious puberty and obesity. Thus, there is a need to test personal care products and supplements for EDCs, which can be accomplished using the validated bioassay described here.

Designing Mild Personal Care Products: A Case Study

This article reviews the mechanisms underlying skin irritation and sensitization, and methods used in a case study to test cosmetic products for their potential to cause irritation. It also covers the main skin conditions that can influence susceptibility to irritation, as well as ingredients affecting the mildness of cosmetic products.

Molecular Modeling of Skin care Products: Application for the Design of Pepidomimetics

Molecular modeling has been used in the pharmaceutical industry for years to predict how a new molecule may work based on research conducted with molecules of a similar structure. The cosmetics industry has also begun to use this technology to predict the behavior of new molecules on skin and in skin care applications.

Using Ultrasound Scanning to Characterize Colloidal Particles

Changes in the macroscopic nature of aqueous or colloidal formulations can lead to changes in the odor, appearance or feel of a product. Data presented in this article demonstrates ultrasound scanning to determine formulation shelf life and monitor product quality.

CeeTox Inches Closer to Validating Non-Animal Skin Allergy Assay

CeeTox has reported positive results from the recent phase of a PETA-funded validation study performed by the Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO)’s Applied BIO & Molecular Systems (ABS) team.

Mature and Immature Corneocyte Detection Force Distance Curves vs. Microfluorometry

Here, the author compares two methods to determine the maturity of corneocytes based on their cross-linking that could be used to evaluate the anti-aging effects of molecular agents. The first utilizes microfluorometry, while the second involves F-D curves generated via contact mode AFM. Both methods successfully detected differences in mature or immature corneocytes with 95% confidence.

Measuring Hair Strength, Part I: Stress-Strain Curves

This article is the first in a series that will address the approaches of measuring the “strength” of hair and quantifying the manner by which this property may be altered. Specifically, it will begin with the generation of stress-strain curves through the use of constant rate extension experiments.

Testing Tactics—Consumer vs. Scientific Language: Relating In vivo to In vitro

It should perhaps go without saying that consumer products are sold using consumer language. Market researchers and consumer scientists spend a great deal of time studying their target audience and learning this vocabulary, which subsequently allows the recounting of product benefits in the same terminology.

Practical Modern Hair Science

Practical Modern Hair Science

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  • Amino acid distribution and biochemistry
  • Examination of strength and anti-breakage product claims
  • Hair: growth cycle, heat protection, shine, and color intensity and retention
  • Overview of shampoos and issues relating to surfactants
  • Science of hair color including chemical reactions and formulations
  • Ethnic differences in hair and absorption of materials
  • Evaluate and quantify visual properties of hair
  • Dandruff-Causes and biology of the condition
  • Hair styling products and polymers

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Apply Topically: A Guide to Formulating

Apply Topically: A Guide to Formulating

Finally! This book offers practical approach to the formulation chemist’s day-to-day endeavors by: addressing the innumerable challenges facing the chemist both in design and at bench, such as formulating with/for specific properties; offering valuable “tips” to troubleshooting issues regarding ingredient selection and interaction, regulatory concerns that must be addressed early in development, and the extrapolation of preservative systems; exploring the advantages and limitations of raw materials; addressing scale-up and pilot production process and concerns; and much more.Order your copy today.