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Jun 04, 2012 | 02:56 PM CDT
By: Y. Zheng, MD, PhD, Third Affiliated Hospital o…
Previous studies demonstrate that skin buffering capacity can be measured in vitro by applying several concentrations of hydrogen chloride (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) on skin and evaluating the pH change pre- and post-dosing. Here, the authors employed this technique to evaluate the buffering capacity of skin layers including intact SC, denuded SC and dermis skin samples.
May 03, 2012 | 02:42 PM CDT
By: Miriam Becker, Christoph Schmidt, PhD, Veroni…
Functional filler pigments play an important role in adjusting optical properties such as transparency and soft focus effects in cosmetics. However, their suitability for specific formulas is not apparent until time-consuming tests using many different fillers have been conducted. Therefore, a new method to predetermine the soft focus effects of functional filler pigments is described here.
May 03, 2012 | 02:38 PM CDT
Water-based, High-UVA Titanium Dioxide Dispersion for Natural UV Protection and Added Formulation Benefits
By: Alice Miles, Michael Hilditch, Robert M. Sayer…
A novel titanium dioxide (TiO2) showing enhanced UVA protection was previously found to be effective as the sole active ingredient in sun care formulations, achieving levels of UVA protection recommended by the European Commission. Here, a water-based dispersion of the same TiO2 particles is described that offers a high level of UVA protection in sun care products with excellent formulation flexibility.
May 03, 2012 | 02:35 PM CDT
By: Raymond Rigoletto; Anand Mahadeshwar, PhD; Lin…
All hair styling formulations start with a framework that is adjusted to obtain the correct viscosity, flow, etc. Auxiliary ingredients are then added to fine-tune the formula with respect to aesthetics, benefits and compliance. This excerpt from the May 2012 issue of Cosmetics & Toiletries presents a review of the components in hair styling products.
May 03, 2012 | 02:29 PM CDT
By: Robert V. Faller, Kornberg School of Dentistry…
While the introduction of fluoride remarkably increased the life expectancy of natural teeth, two oral care problems have since emerged: tooth sensitivity and dental erosion. This article describes approaches to these problems and discusses the challenge of simultaneously maintaining fluoride efficacy in multi-benefit toothpaste formulations.
May 03, 2012 | 02:25 PM CDT
By: Luigi Rigano, PhD, Institute of Skin and Produ…
If consumers think that brushing their teeth with toothpaste is a simple hygiene procedure, they are mistaken. Mouth care is a complex strategy and modern cosmetics do much more than simply eliminate microbes.
May 03, 2012 | 02:12 PM CDT
By: Ali Alikhan, MD, and Howard I. Maibach, MD
Following are some aspects of patch testing that require consideration, including the ingredients used, related legislative measures and testing limitations.
May 03, 2012 | 02:03 PM CDT
Formulating Focus—Delivering Actives via Solid Lipid Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Lipid Carriers: Part IV, Percutaneous Absorption and Dermal Cosmetic Formulations
By: Eliana B. Souto, PhD, and Johann W. Wiechers, …
In this fourth part of a five-part series discusses the percutaneous absorption of actives loaded into solid lipid SLNs and NLCs and their formulation in dermal cosmetics.
Mar 30, 2012 | 03:47 PM CDT
By: Xiao Wu, PhD, College of Pharmacy, University …
As the commercial applications of nanotechnology have increased in the past decade, a number of nanoparticles are now being used in cosmetic products with optimized sensory attributes and consumer-perceivable benefits. This article reviews various forms of nanoparticles used in the cosmetic industry, discussing their properties, interactions with the skin and potential health effects.
Mar 30, 2012 | 03:22 PM CDT
By: Santiago V. Luis, PhD; M. Isabel Burguete, PhD…
Simple pseudopeptides derived from natural amino acids can be designed and prepared as efficient gelators for a variety of solvents, and with a high potential for biocompatibility. The appropriate selection of structural components, reviewed herein, shows how to produce gels with tailored properties, including high thermal stability.