The concepts of “anti-aging” and the “reduction of old age” have gained popularity over the years, especially since people are living much longer. These terms have also grown to incorporate more aesthetic features of the skin as opposed to just wrinkles. In a September 2013 GCI magazine article, Phillip Mitteness states that anti-aging has evolved to include, “age spots, hyperpigmentation, dry skin, uneven skin tone, dark under-eye circles and even hair damage.” It is expected that the anti-aging product market will expand to more than US $290 billion in 2015. However, with the recent boom in technological and scientific discoveries, many of these new products are being engineered to produce results that are caused by changes in the user’s cells. If these innovations are effective and actually produce structural changes in the skin, are they still cosmetic products?