Bio-based Esters for a Smaller Footprint

Mar 1, 2009 | Contact Author | By: Katie Schaefer, Cosmetics & Toiletries magazine
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Title: Bio-based Esters for a Smaller Footprint
bio-basedx estersx carbon footprintx
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Keywords: bio-based | esters | carbon footprint

Abstract: Succinic acid is commercially produced from fossil-based feedstocks via catalytic hydrogenation of maleic anhydride or as a byproduct of adipic acid production. This carboxylic acid can be used to produce acyl halides, carboxylic acid salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, nitriles, butane diol and other materials for use in a number of industries.

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Succinic acid is a four-carbon dicarboxylic acid that occurs naturally in plant and animal tissues. It plays a biochemical role in the citric acid cycle, or Krebs cycle, as part of cellular respiration. Today, succinic acid is commercially produced from fossil-based feedstocks via catalytic hydrogenation of maleic anhydride or as a byproduct of adipic acid production. This carboxylic acid can be used to produce acyl halides, carboxylic acid salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, nitriles, butane diol and other materials for use in a number of industries, including resins, fibers, plastics, personal care, pharmaceuticals and agriculture.

Succinic acid is produced commercially from maleic anhydride via petrochemical processes; maleic anhydride in turn is derived from n-butane or coal. The refining of fossil-based feedstocks to produce petrochemicals leads to the emission of harmful gases into the environment.

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