Feb 1, 2015
It has been two decades since Revlon revolutionized the color cosmetic market by debuting transfer-resistant lipstick. Innovations in transfer resistance and long wear makeup have continued apace, and it certainly appears that advances in this field will continue for the foreseeable future. This article reviews the literature to show the evolution of chemistries and concepts in this prominent market.
Dec 5, 2014
The success of BB creams is undeniable, and it has launched an alphabet-heavy trend in both skin and hair care. However, what challenge does this pose for formulators? During the C&T Summit, Prithwiraj Maitra, PhD, will discuss the challenges of multifunctional products and their components from a material scientist's perspective.
Nov 18, 2014
According to research from Diagonal Reports, hair straightening has stirred up today's beauty marketplace. Further, demand for hair control is growing exponentially. In response, Peter Landa of TRI-K will revisit the "knowns" and consider the "unknowns" of hair structure and control technologies during the 2015 Cosmetics & Toiletries Summit.
Sep 25, 2014
Problems with skin protectants include unsatisfactory performance, poor prospects for improvement, and the lack of methods for evaluation. Such problems are introduced here, while insights in the area of perfluoropolyethers and concepts to push skin protectants to new efficacies will be discussed in follow-up articles.
Sep 17, 2014
Incorporating performance ingredients in a formula does not guarantee they will penetrate the skin and deliver the claimed benefits. This review presents topical delivery approaches introduced in the past five years to improve the efficacy of benefit ingredients for skin care. Examples include molecular, carrier and Trojan horse delivery. Non-conventional delivery systems also are described.
Jun 1, 2014
This article describes how to identify allergic contact dermatitis resulting from hair dye, and outlines prevention principles for those who wish to continue dyeing their hair despite being allergic—with clear implications for those formulating these products. The main sensitizers in hair dye are discussed, along with techniques to minimize exposure to these allergenic substances.
Jun 1, 2014
Hair damage from environmental and cosmetic treatments is a continuing concern. Efforts are under way to understand hair degradation and devise means to protect and repair hair from the damage. This short review is an attempt to summarize recent advances toward protecting and repairing human hair.
May 1, 2014
For skin cancer, skin aging and acne, retinoids have proven both preventive and therapeutic. Successful efforts toward more bioavailable vitamin A derivatives and retinoid formulations have increased their use for cosmetic benefits. Recent work to further optimize retinoids and reduce their side effects has yielded a new generation of promising molecules, described here.
Apr 23, 2014
The effective preservation of personal care products and cosmetics is vitally important to inhibit microbial growth. Phenoxyethanol has a long history as an effective preservative, with well-documented human and environmental safety profiles. This is a valuable option in formulators’ and microbiologists’ toolboxes for safe and effective control of microbial growth, as is reviewed here.
Feb 21, 2014
Betty Yu, PhD, and her team at Living Proof have entered the skin care market with a flowable silicone polymer technology that cross-links upon activation to form a breathable, invisible film designed to contour and tighten the eye area, reducing the appearance of under-eye bags.
Feb 21, 2014
To protect enamel, new mechanisms in classic oral care continue to be uncovered, while modern advances mimic and enhance natural protective systems. New approaches to enamel repair include augmenting natural remineralization by creating reservoirs of ions and applying saliva biomimetics. Such technologies, described here, represent significant advances for repairing and protecting teeth noninvasively.
Jan 15, 2014
The composition of lipstick formulations and means of manufacturing and filling them have progressed significantly in the last 100 years. This article reviews the most notable developments in methods of production, innovations in both functional and active ingredients, and breakthroughs in processing. In addition, it explores what the future could hold for lipsticks.
Dec 18, 2013
On Dec. 12, 2013, at the Society of Cosmetic Chemists' (SCC) Annual Scientific Meeting & Technology Showcase, Rachel Grabenhofer, presented the Frontiers of Science Award to Joseph Schwarcz, PhD, from McGill University, on behalf of Cosmetics & Toiletries.
Sep 1, 2013
Peptidomimetics, or synthetic bioactive peptides, have been developed that mimic the biological functions of peptides and proteins but overcome many of these challenges and limitations. Further, due to their wide range of activity, synthetic feasibility and ease of handling, they have played a vital part in biological research. This column will discuss the potential application of these short chain oligomers in cosmetics and personal care.
Aug 1, 2013
This article reviews in vitro studies that have found Chinese licorice extract to impart potent antibacterial and soothing properties, which make it an interesting candidate for applications in oral and personal care. Further, a clinical study is described in brief, assessing the ability of a supercritical CO2 extract from Chinese licorice to impart breath-freshening properties.
Aug 1, 2013
In recent years, the safety of traditional preservatives has been called into question. Therefore, there is a need for alternatives that are effective, safe and sustainable—and that are non-controversial. In response, the present work investigates a mixture of caprylyl glycol and phenethyl alcohol, which is shown to provide antimicrobial activity in various skin and hair care formulations.
Apr 1, 2012
As the commercial applications of nanotechnology have increased in the past decade, a number of nanoparticles are now being used in cosmetic products with optimized sensory attributes and consumer-perceivable benefits. This article reviews various forms of nanoparticles used in the cosmetic industry, discussing their properties, interactions with the skin and potential health effects.
Jul 1, 2011
In this review, the authors examine studies relating to the solubility of BPO. The clinical trials discussed show that compared with suspended BPO, BPO solubilized by dimethyl isosorbide reduced P. acnes and decreased both inflammatory lesions/irritation and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant P. acnes strains. This reveals the importance of solubilizing BPO for improved efficacy and safety.
Feb 1, 2009
Advances have been made in recent years to better understand ceramides, as the authors describe here. However, since not all ceramides have the same structure, the nomenclature in the literature and on product labels needs clarification. The Personal Care Products Council recently agreed upon new nomenclature based on four molecular structures, which the authors also discuss.
Dec 1, 2008
Most skin products are formulated around pH 6 but the latest research in skin biology suggests the skin is significantly more acidic—around 4.7. Here, the author shows how formulating for this natural pH can enhance the skin penetration of actives, reduce the amount of preservatives required, and increase chemical stability.