Recent in Chemistry (page 5 of 6)

Improving the Solubility of Benzoyl Peroxide: A Review

In this review, the authors examine studies relating to the solubility of BPO. The clinical trials discussed show that compared with suspended BPO, BPO solubilized by dimethyl isosorbide reduced P. acnes and decreased both inflammatory lesions/irritation and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant P. acnes strains. This reveals the importance of solubilizing BPO for improved efficacy and safety.

Developments in Ceramide Identification, Synthesis, Function and Nomenclature

Advances have been made in recent years to better understand ceramides, as the authors describe here. However, since not all ceramides have the same structure, the nomenclature in the literature and on product labels needs clarification. The Personal Care Products Council recently agreed upon new nomenclature based on four molecular structures, which the authors also discuss.

Formulating at pH 4-5: How Lower pH Benefits the Skin and Formulations

Most skin products are formulated around pH 6 but the latest research in skin biology suggests the skin is significantly more acidic—around 4.7. Here, the author shows how formulating for this natural pH can enhance the skin penetration of actives, reduce the amount of preservatives required, and increase chemical stability.

Profile of Mica

Mica is an inorganic material found in a wide variety of cosmetic and personal care products. Its use has been reported in more than 7,100 products, making it one of the most important mineral ingredients used in cosmetics.

Amphiphilic Silicones to Extract Botanical Actives

Silicone-based compounds enable chemists to extract the desired fractions of materials from plants as well as impart cosmetic aesthetics. Here the authors discuss how to extract actives using amphiphilic silicones that have different partition coefficients, which are obtained by altering the ratio of oil-, water- and fluoro-soluble groups on the silicone molecule.

Small, Smaller and Nano Materials: An Invisible Benefit

Although nanomaterials have been used in cosmetics for some time, consumers believe they may constitute a health risk due to their possible penetration into the skin. The present article evaluates the benefits as well as the skin penetration of nanoparticles used in cosmetics.

Ingredient Profile—Sorbic Acid/Potassium Sorbate

SorbH and KSorb have become increasingly popular options for cosmetic preservatives due to their worldwide status as Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) food ingredients and their long and successful use history.

Comparatively Speaking: Arrow Symbols in Organic Chemistry*

Tony O’Lenick asks organic chemistry expert and founder of website Master Organic Chemistry James Ashenhurst, PhD, to explain the eight types of arrow symbols.

Specialty Pigments: Properties and Effects

Specialty pigments bring unique effects to personal care products, thus they are an important class of color additives for the decorative cosmetic industry. Presented here is a review of their properties and benefits, including mechanisms of refraction and reflection, as well as regulatory considerations.

Ingredient Profile—Mica

Mica is an inorganic material found in a wide variety of cosmetic and personal care products. Its use has been reported in more than 7,100 products, making it one of the most important mineral ingredients used in cosmetics.

Water Content and Moisturization

In the midst of his examination of the adsorption properties of hair, Trefor Evans addresses water content and its manipulation with regard to moisturization in the following excerpt from AlluredbooksPractical Modern Hair Science.

New Findings in Fullerenes

New findings regarding the formation of fullerenes, aka "buckyballs," were recently published in the journal Nature Communications, suggesting that smaller cages grow into larger ones.

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