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Researchers Develop 'Dendrimersomes' for Cosmetic Delivery
Posted: May 24, 2010
Researchers from the University of Minnesota, Temple University and Jyväskylä University, under the leadership of the University of Pennsylvania, have developed nano-assemblies of Janus dendrimers, termed dendrimersomes, for the delivery of cosmetics, cancer drugs, gene therapy, proteins, imaging and diagnostic agents.
The team's research, published in the journal Science, chose the dendrimers based on their ability to mimic cellular membranes for targeted delivery of materials to the skin. The dendrimersomes reportedly are stable, bilayer vesicles that spontaneously form the exact chemical composition of Janus dendrimers. In comparison to other vesicles for skin delivery such as liposomes and polymersomes, these dendrimersomes reportedly offer stability, monodispersity, tenability and versatility.
To develop this technology, the researchers chemically coupled hydrophilic and hydrophobic dendrons to create amphiphilic Janus dendrimers in a number of morphologies including cubosomes, disks, tubular vesicles and helical ribbons, and confirmed the assembled structures using cryogenic transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy.
According to the researchers, the bilayer capsules developed have superior mechanical properties to standard liposomes. These dendrimersomes combine the biological function of phospholipid liposomes with the mechanical strength of polymersomes. They are said to be stable in a large variety of media and temperatures and uniform in size; in addition, they are tunable by temperature and chemistry and impermeable to encapsulated compounds.
As the thickness of the dendrimersomes is similar to that of natural bilayer membranes, incorporating biological components into the vesicle membranes is reportedly easier.