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Antioxidants in Sunscreens for Improved ROS Protection
By: Kerry Hanson and Christoper Bardeen, University of California; Donathan Beasley and Thomas Meyer, PhD, Merck
Posted: October 5, 2011, from the October 2011 issue of Cosmetics & Toiletries.
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- From Cosmetics & Toiletries
- October 2011 issue, pg 710
- 7 pages
- UV filter
- reactive oxygen species
- Adobe PDF for download
- Printed copies mailed to you
From $9 an article
Sunscreens are designed to provide broad-spectrum protection to skin against the damaging effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation. In doing so, they prevent sunburn and help to reduce the risk of skin cancer.1 Today’s consumers are increasingly concerned about the side effects of photoaging, e.g., fine lines, wrinkles, sagging, age spots, etc., which compromise skin’s youthful appearance.
Photoaging is believed to be triggered primarily by reactive oxygen species (ROS).2 ROS form within the epidermis and dermis when endogenous chromophores such as urocanic acid, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), melanin and collagen absorb UV radiation then dissipate the absorbed energy through pathways that sensitize the formation of ROS. Just a few of the ROS found in the skin include singlet oxygen (1O2), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide radical anions (O2-•). These ROS can react with lipid membranes, proteins, DNA and most other molecules in their paths. While intrinsic antioxidant mechanisms within the extracellular and intracellular spaces of the epidermis and dermis counteract some UV-induced ROS, these mechanisms can become overloaded easily, resulting in ROS-mediated cell damage.3, 4
This is only an excerpt of the full article that appeared in Cosmetics & Toiletries, but you can purchase the full-text version.