Facial treatment serums are becoming an essential part of the daily skin care regimen for women. They are generally thin liquids, frequently applied with a dropper and are usually designed to be used under makeup or facial moisturizers.
The emulsifying system in this product is the mixture sodium polyacrylate (and) hydrogenated polydecene (and) trideceth-6, which is combined with glyceryl stearate. The mixture also serves as the thickening system. Xanthan gum and carbomer are also listed, but these possibly are present in one or more of the bioactive complexes used in the formulation and may not contribute to viscosity building.
The formulation contains a number of bioactive ingredients designed to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles including: glycerin (and) water (aqua) (and) butylene glycol (and) carbomer (and) polysorbate 20 (and) palmitoyl oligopetide (and) palmitoyl terapeptide-7, Zemea mays (corn) kernel extract and ascorbic acid.
The emollient system is a combination of coco-caprylate/caprate, cyclopentasiloxane and shea butter. The ingredient list also shows butylene glycol, glycerin and PEG-8 .These polyols can either be present by themselves or are part of the botanical/peptide blends used in the formulation.
The preservative system is phenoxyethanol (and) caprylyl glycol (and) hexylene glycol in combination with methylparaben, which may also be coming from one of the extracts with the help of disodium EDTA. In an era where more and more ingredients are complexes and mixtures of materials, it is not simple to figure out where the specific ingredient listed on the label is coming from. In my opinion, anything listed below cyclopentasiloxane on the ingredient list is probably present at less than 1% in the formulation.