Scalp Irritation From Hair Care Chemicals

Jan 1, 2013 | Contact Author | By: Hongbo Zhai, MD; Howard I. Maibach, MD; and Heidi P. Chan, MD; University of California San Franciso, Department of Dermatology
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Title: Scalp Irritation From Hair Care Chemicals
irritationx chemicalsx relaxersx
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Keywords: irritation | chemicals | relaxers

Abstract: While scalp irritation also can be caused by contact with physical or biological agents, this column will discuss the irritation resulting from hair chemicals. The desire for a specific hairstyle or color can render the scalp exposed to different hair chemicals that may result to scalp irritation.

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H Zhai, HI Maibach and HP Chan, A dermatological View—Scalp irritation from hair care chemicals, Cosm & Toil 128(1) 16-19 (Jan 2013)

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Scalp irritation is defined as dermatitis of the scalp1 caused by the contact of chemical, physical or biological agents, although endogenous factors such as impaired barrier function and pre-existing dermatitis may also play a role.2 Its clinical manifestations can range from mild to severe, with signs and symptoms such as erythema, blister formation, burning/tingling scalp and scalp severe acute irritant dermatitis, which is also known as scalp burn or cosmetic alopecia.3–5 The four clinical entities are: acute (burn), sensory, non-immunologic contact urticaria (NICU) and cumulative. While scalp irritation also can be caused by contact with physical or biological agents, this column will discuss the irritation resulting from hair chemicals. The desire for a specific hairstyle or color can render the scalp exposed to different hair chemicals that may result to scalp irritation.

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Biography: Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California, San Francisco

Howard I. Maibach, MD, is a professor of derma­tology at the University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco. His labor­atory has been interested in and has published exten­sively on derm­ato­pharma­cology and dermatotoxicology.

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