Recent in Biology (page 18 of 27)

Comparatively Speaking: Prokaryote vs. Eukaryote

Cosmetic scientists are interested in the difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes for preservation and antibiotic development.

Skin's Microbiome Research Reveals Unexpected Bacteria Variety

Researchers have published a report on microbes in the skin, finding a diversity of species much greater than expected. This work could aid in the prevention of skin diseases.

Mitochondrial Nourishment and Protection for Antiaging Effects

Multiple factors affect the integrity of cell mitochondria, leading to loss of cell function, aging and apoptosis. In skin, this is expressed in the form of wrinkles, loss of tone, etc. To combat these effects, the author describes a technology that contains mitochondria-nourishing compounds to deliver antiaging benefits.

The Organized Chaos of Biological Mechanisms

This chaotic column is about biological mechanisms. How, why and what for?

Gene Discovered with Both Skin and Tooth Role

Oregon State University researchers have discovered that the expression of CTIP2 may play a role in some skin disorders. But the research was two-fold, as the team also found the gene to control tooth enamel.

Toxic Potential From Metals Absorbed Through the Skin

A review of literature suggests that metal compounds can be unsuspected allergens present in cosmetic products.

Cell Signaling in Psoriasis for Ingredient Evaluation and Product Design

In this paper, the authors focus on the dialogue between skin epithelial cells and immune cells in the context of an inflammatory situation, i.e., psoriasis. The aim is to design in vitro models relevant to in vivo skin inflammation that can then be used to screen and evaluate potential cosmetic products.

Baby Skin vs. Adult Skin Structure, Function and Composition

Research shows that baby skin is different than adult skin in terms of structure, biochemical composition and function, as the authors review here. The adaptation of these skin qualities continues during the first year of life and should be considered when designing baby skin care products.

Researchers Synthesize Baby's Vernix Caseosa for Treatment Cream

A protective cream developed by European researchers mimics the elements of newborn skin, providing parents of infants challenged by skin disorders with a new treatment option.

Researchers Uncover Breakthrough in Cold Sore Treatment

Scientists at Washington University, Pennsylvania State University and the Université de Montréal have uncovered a cellular process to fight type 1 herpes simplex (HSV-1), the virus responsible for cold sores.

Skin Cell Proliferation Controlled Via PPARβ/δ Protein

In the most recent issue of the Journal of Cell Biology, researchers reveal that skin fibroblasts use a protein called PPARβ/δ to control the proliferation of epithelial cells.

Scientists Examine Bryophytes to Understand Innate UV Protection

A study from Minnesota State University examined the effects of UV on bryophytes to understand the development of innate defenses against UV with the goal of understanding its impact on crops, ecological systems and humans.

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