Recent in Biology (page 13 of 19)
Dec 4, 2012 | Nava P. Greenfield, Yale School of Medicine; and Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California San Francisco
Despite their widespread use and applications, the scientific literature on moisturizers lacks strong evidence to support dermatological use. This article explores current literature on the efficacy of moisturizers to help the industry understand their mechanisms and role in treatment.
Nov 1, 2012 | M Estanqueiro (MD), G Bossolani, MH Amaral (PhD), J Conceição, D.Santos (PhD) and JM Sousa Lobo (PhD), University of Porto; and JB Silva (PhD) and CSF Gomes (PhD), University of Aveiro
Pumice has a recognized application as an abrasive agent to promote exfoliation of the skin. In this study, different particle size fractions of pumice sampled from several geologic occurrences in São Miguel’s island, the Azores archipelago, were used in the preparation of exfoliation formulations. Gels and soap were prepared and characterized, and their efficacy evaluated.
Oct 1, 2012 | Katie Anderson
Scientists at the Università Politecnica delle Marche, The University of Barcelona, the University of Salamanca and the University of Granada have produced an extract of strawberry to quantify the ability of the fruit to protect the skin.
Oct 1, 2012 | Kaley Myer, New York University School of Medicine; and Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California School of Medicine
Skin care products containing amino acids often promote the benefits conferred on the skin by these molecules. Natural amino acids found in the skin have been found to improve the health of skin through antioxidation, membrane stabilization and increasing skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF).
Sep 11, 2012 | Anthony J. O'Lenick Jr., Siltech LLC, and Kelly Dobos, Kao Corp.
Tony O’Lenick asks industry expert Kelly Dobos to explain the difference between Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria to understand the importance of selecting the proper preservative system for a cosmetic.
Sep 4, 2012 | Cecilia Teran, Durant Scholz, Julie Cava, Kathleen Norris, Erica Babson and Dale Hana, Active Concepts
Whether formulating for Asia, North America, Europe or Latin America, the cosmetic chemist will face one common demand in all these markets: an even skin tone. This article provides an overview of chemical and biological agents capable of causing hypopigmentation via interactions through different stages of the melanogenic pathway.
Aug 28, 2012 | Anthony J. O'Lenick Jr., Siltech LLC, and Kelly Dobos, Kao Corp.
To explain the difference between pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria, Tony O’Lenick looks to Kelly Dobos, who notes that nonpathogenic bacteria could become pathogens in immune-compromised hosts.
Jul 3, 2012 | Katie Anderson (Schaefer), Cosmetics & Toiletries
Mihaela Leonida, PhD, a professor of chemistry at Fairleigh Dickinson University, investigated the antibacterial properties of chitosan for cosmetic and pharmaceutical uses. She found that the material exhibited enhanced effects after being nano-sized.
A Dermatological View—Exploring Potential Differences in Percutaneous Penetration and Barrier Function Between Individuals of Different Ethnicity or Skin Color
Jul 3, 2012 | Elodie Metral and Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California, San Francisco
The current understanding of percutaneous penetration and parameters that can influence it remains a sub judice area. Ethnicity or pigmentation, for instance, can be implied in percutaneous absorption for which several studies, described here, have been conducted to clarify their roles.
Jun 29, 2012
A study conducted by Johns Hopkins Children's Center and funded by the National Institutes of Health supports the common "hygiene hypothesis" that some antibacterial chemicals and preservatives in hygiene products may make children more susceptible to food and environmental allergens.
Jun 29, 2012
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a protein that may aid in the development of psoriasis and wound-healing treatments.
Jun 13, 2012
Many visually perceptible phenomena are observed in hair, which arise from intrinsic attributes as well as the orientation of fiber assembly. The use of image analysis to further understanding of hair properties is the focus of Roger McMullen contribution to Alluredbooks’ Practical Modern Hair Science, and in the following excerpt, he briefly turns his attention to that part of the body that bares perhaps more than a little semblance to hair: the eyelashes.