Recent in Biology (page 12 of 14)
Oct 1, 2012 | Kaley Myer, New York University School of Medicine; and Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California School of Medicine
Skin care products containing amino acids often promote the benefits conferred on the skin by these molecules. Natural amino acids found in the skin have been found to improve the health of skin through antioxidation, membrane stabilization and increasing skin’s natural moisturizing factor (NMF).
Sep 11, 2012 | Anthony J. O'Lenick Jr., Siltech LLC, and Kelly Dobos, Kao Corp.
Tony O’Lenick asks industry expert Kelly Dobos to explain the difference between Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria to understand the importance of selecting the proper preservative system for a cosmetic.
Sep 4, 2012 | Cecilia Teran, Durant Scholz, Julie Cava, Kathleen Norris, Erica Babson and Dale Hana, Active Concepts
Whether formulating for Asia, North America, Europe or Latin America, the cosmetic chemist will face one common demand in all these markets: an even skin tone. This article provides an overview of chemical and biological agents capable of causing hypopigmentation via interactions through different stages of the melanogenic pathway.
Aug 28, 2012 | Anthony J. O'Lenick Jr., Siltech LLC, and Kelly Dobos, Kao Corp.
To explain the difference between pathogenic and nonpathogenic bacteria, Tony O’Lenick looks to Kelly Dobos, who notes that nonpathogenic bacteria could become pathogens in immune-compromised hosts.
Jul 3, 2012 | Katie Anderson (Schaefer), Cosmetics & Toiletries
Mihaela Leonida, PhD, a professor of chemistry at Fairleigh Dickinson University, investigated the antibacterial properties of chitosan for cosmetic and pharmaceutical uses. She found that the material exhibited enhanced effects after being nano-sized.
A Dermatological View—Exploring Potential Differences in Percutaneous Penetration and Barrier Function Between Individuals of Different Ethnicity or Skin Color
Jul 3, 2012 | Elodie Metral and Howard I. Maibach, MD, University of California, San Francisco
The current understanding of percutaneous penetration and parameters that can influence it remains a sub judice area. Ethnicity or pigmentation, for instance, can be implied in percutaneous absorption for which several studies, described here, have been conducted to clarify their roles.
Jun 29, 2012
A study conducted by Johns Hopkins Children's Center and funded by the National Institutes of Health supports the common "hygiene hypothesis" that some antibacterial chemicals and preservatives in hygiene products may make children more susceptible to food and environmental allergens.
Jun 29, 2012
Researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified a protein that may aid in the development of psoriasis and wound-healing treatments.
Jun 13, 2012
Many visually perceptible phenomena are observed in hair, which arise from intrinsic attributes as well as the orientation of fiber assembly. The use of image analysis to further understanding of hair properties is the focus of Roger McMullen contribution to Alluredbooks’ Practical Modern Hair Science, and in the following excerpt, he briefly turns his attention to that part of the body that bares perhaps more than a little semblance to hair: the eyelashes.
Jun 4, 2012 | Y. Zheng, MD, PhD, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, and H.I. Maibach, MD, University of California at San Francisco
Previous studies demonstrate that skin buffering capacity can be measured in vitro by applying several concentrations of hydrogen chloride (HCl) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) on skin and evaluating the pH change pre- and post-dosing. Here, the authors employed this technique to evaluate the buffering capacity of skin layers including intact SC, denuded SC and dermis skin samples.
May 29, 2012
Researchers in Sweden have described a new structure and function of the stratum corneum at a molecular level, providing for a deeper understanding of skin diseases as well as the potential for large scale delivery via the skin.
Mar 30, 2012 | Katerina Steventon, PhD, FaceWorkshops
Sophisticated texture and fragrance as part of a formulation’s aesthetics are important to the discerning consumer, and skin type is the primary influence behind how the consumer perceives a skin care product. For example, consumers with dry skin require a richer moisturizer, even though the product should absorb quickly for a smooth finish.