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Comparatively Speaking: Cocamide DEA vs. MEA vs. DIPA in Shampoos
By: Anthony J. O'Lenick, Jr., Siltech LLC
Posted: August 25, 2009
page 2 of 2
Alkanolamides are ubiquitous and are added to many cosmetic formulations to affect viscosity and foam properties. The effect of the amine portion of the molecule is addressed here.
Alkanolamides are used to shift the salt curve of a formulation to the left, resulting in a high formulation viscosity with less sodium chloride. Formulation examples using the aforementioned alkanolamides are shown in Table 1. Sodium chloride was then added to the formulations in Table 1 and their viscosities were measured (see Table 2).
Figure 1 illustrates that the peak viscosity has some variation but most importantly, that the salt curve is shifted to the left, meaning it requires less salt to achieve the maximum viscosity.
Table 3 shows the sodium choride levels used to achieve maximum viscosity using alkanolamines.