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The Anatomy of a Formula—Antiperspirant Sticks, Soft Solids and Gels
By: Eric S. Abrutyn, TPC2 Advisors Ltd., Inc.
Posted: May 4, 2009, from the May 2009 issue of Cosmetics & Toiletries.
- Formula 1. Right Guard Xtreme PowerStripe Deodorant
- Formula 2. Rexall Ladies’ Invisible Antiperspirant/Deodorant
- Formula 3. Old Spice Red Zone Fresh Soft Solid Deodorant
- Formula 4. Arrid Total Powder Antiperspirant/Deodorant
- Formula 5. Secret Clinical Strength Antiperspirant/Deodorant
- Formula 6. Dry Idea Antiperspirant/Deodorant
- Formula 7. Revlon Signo Active Deodorant
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1. K Laden and C Felger, Antiperspirant and Deodorants, Vol 7 in Cosmetic Science and Technology, New York: Marcel Dekker Inc. (1988) pp 3–5
2. Antiperspirant Drug Products for Over-the-Counter Human Use, The USA Department of Health and Human Services: US Food and Drug Administration, 68 CFR Part 110, Final Rule; 2003. www.fda.gov/cder/otcmonographs/Antiperspirant/antiperspirant_FR_20030609.pdf (Accessed on March 25, 2009)
3. USP 27/NF 22 (2004); United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Rockville, MD; pg 83–91, pg 93–106
4. K Laden, Antiperspirant and Deodorants, 2nd ed, New York: Marcel Dekker Inc. (1999)
5. Eric Abrutyn, Antiperspirant and Deodorants, Harry Cosmetology, 8th Ed, Martin M. Reiger, PhD, eds, New York: Chemical Publishing Co., Inc., (2000)
6. RJ Scott and ME Turney, Volatile Silicones in Suspensoid AP Sticks, J Soc Cosmet Chem, 30(3/4), 137–156 (1979)
7. IB Chang and RA Smith, AP Sticks, Cosmet Toil, 104, 115-124 (1989)
8. ES Abrutyn, A Clear Advantage: Functional Siloxanes for Antiperspirant Application, Soap, Cosmetic and Chemical Specialties, 7 (1997)