Application/Category

Recent in Application/Category (page 31 of 40)

Aquaporins: Stimulation by Vitamins, Steroids and Sugar Alcohols

Aquaporins are proteins that reside in the cellular membrane. In response to osmotic forces, they control the passage of specific materials into and out of the cell. As reported previously, one type of aquaporin in human skin is aquaporin-3 (AQP3). Four personal care companies have studied the world of biochemicals to discover AQP3 stimulators from three different sources: vitamins, steroids and sugar alcohols, which are described here.

Cooking Chemistry and the Formulator: Egg Whites and Milk

This article is the first in a four-part series that will highlight connections between the chemistry of cooking and personal care product development—including the reactions that occur and why, and how to best utilize these reactions for the benefit of novice formulators.

The Quest for Avobenzone Stabilizers and Sunscreen Photostability

Butyl methoxydibenzoyl methane (BMDBM) is well-known as an effective UVA filter when it is stabilized. Here, the authors measure the efficiency of ten commercially available products that are reported to stabilize BMDBM. The most effective product found was octocrylene that, being a UVB filter, also contributed to the SPF.

Foundation for Elderly Women: Development and Neurological Implications

In the present report, the authors developed a foundation specifically tailored to the needs and preferences of elderly women and, through scientific measurement, confirmed that wearing the right makeup leads to brain activation. Studies validated that among elderly women, satisfaction with self-appearance could contribute to higher self-confidence, improved outlook and resistance to neurological ailments.

Deciphering Nail Polish Formulas

The fingernail or nail plate is a complex matrix comprising closely packed keratinized epithelial cells or onychocytes—cross-linked cysteine bond matrix proteins containing inorganic elements such as sulfur as well as calcium, sodium, iron, aluminum, copper, etc.

Murad Launches Pore Clearing and Tightening Regimen

Murad Inc. has launched a regimen designed to clear and tighten pores. Pore Reform helps strengthen the pores’ natural support structure and reduce the appearance of blackheads caused by dead skin cells, oil and dirt in the follicles.

Deciphering Baby Cream Formulas

Formulators of personal care products for children are faced with the difficult task of creating products with maximum care and minimum risk, all while trying to be innovative. Infant skin is different from adult skin in many ways. First of all, it is characterized by a immature stratum corneum with a higher moisture content and looser structure, compared with adult skin.

Sensitive Skin and Skin Barrier

A relationship exists between sensitive skin and skin barrier proteins and lipids, as the author shows here. While formulations to treat sensitive skin have tended to focus on eliminating irritant ingredients and penetration enhancers, an approach is suggested to help the skin build its own barrier defense from the inside-out.

Designing Cleansers for the Unique Needs of Baby Skin

Baby cleansing is important for hygiene, but water alone is insufficient. Additionally, because baby skin is still developing and different from adult skin, adult cleansers are inappropriate. Here, the authors review how baby cleansers containing mild surfactants are milder than and different from adult cleansers.

Demand for Organic Beauty to Grow to Over $13 Billion by 2018, Report Says

A new organic-focused beauty market report from Transparency Market Research notes that global demand continues to climb, growing at a CAGR of 9.6% from 2012 to 2018.

Read the Label Online: göt2b Oil-licious Calm & Shine Styling Oil

Is a shine serum by another name still a shine serum? Or, can it transform into göt2b's Oil-licious Calm & Shine Styling Oil? This column will review the ingredient listing for functionality and claims substantiation.

Anatomy of Hair Relaxer and Straightener Formulas

Many products currently on the hair care market relate to a woman’s attempt to partially or completely modify her curly, frizzy and tangled hair. Hair straightening and hair relaxing formulations have been invented to achieve the desire for straight hair.

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