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May 31, 2013 | 11:38 AM CDT
By: Madelyn Bekker, PhD; Nicolaas Rossouw Louw; an…
Differing amounts of Fischer-Tropsch (FT) wax were used in petroleum jelly and final cosmetic emulsions to evaluate moisturizing effects in skin. FT wax was shown to perform as well or better than traditional mineral-derived products.
May 31, 2013 | 11:37 AM CDT
By: Denis Bendejacq, PhD, Solvay
This article reviews and assesses damage types caused to hair before and after artificial coloration, i.e., by bleaching, perming, heat treatment, UV exposure and shampooing, to compare how they impact color durability individually and combined. Formulation emerges as the key to designing shampoos that efficiently deliver actives to improve color protection against these and other damage types.
May 31, 2013 | 11:36 AM CDT
Comparison of Age Determination by Three Evaluation Methods: Self-assessment, Expert Grader and Naïve Grader
By: Rosanna Mootoo, Nima Gohil, Cristina Stroever…
This exploratory study investigates how consumers perceive age, using objective and subjective approaches. Results of this study suggest that when a subjective approach is implemented for age determination, subjects affix their emotions to the evaluation. The reverse logic was applicable for the expert and naïve grader methods, as grader results appeared more neutral than the self-assessment.
May 31, 2013 | 11:34 AM CDT
By: Chris McLeod, HPCI Media
Although this author cannot deny that moisturization capabilities can provide relief for those who suffer from flaky, itching or irritated and dry skin, it would be careless not to acknowledge the marketing-based beguilement within this moisturization sector.
May 06, 2013 | 01:17 PM CDT
By: Anthony J. Ribaudo, Textile Research Institute…
Here, the author compares two methods to determine the maturity of corneocytes based on their cross-linking that could be used to evaluate the anti-aging effects of molecular agents. The first utilizes microfluorometry, while the second involves F-D curves generated via contact mode AFM. Both methods successfully detected differences in mature or immature corneocytes with 95% confidence.
May 06, 2013 | 01:10 PM CDT
By: Trefor Evans, PhD, TA Evans LLC
It should perhaps go without saying that consumer products are sold using consumer language. Market researchers and consumer scientists spend a great deal of time studying their target audience and learning this vocabulary, which subsequently allows the recounting of product benefits in the same terminology.
May 06, 2013 | 12:15 PM CDT
By: Paul Thau PacarTech, Berkeley Heights, NJ
Since the early 1980s, nonaqueous emulsions have attracted technical interest as potential vehicles and delivery systems for personal care products. This is due to the development of a broad range of silicone-based emulsifiers, silicone polymers and other polymeric emulsifiers that have enabled their use. This article will briefly review their history and evolution into current-day specialized applications.
May 06, 2013 | 12:11 PM CDT
By: S. Wiechers, PhD; P. Biehl; C. Luven; M. Maier…
The article compares the performance of titanium dioxide as a UV filter in cosmetic formulations as a function of its primary particle size. It was found that with increasing primary particle size, even below 100 nm, the effectiveness of the inorganic (mineral) UV filter was clearly reduced.
May 06, 2013 | 12:06 PM CDT
By: Luigi Rigano, PhD, Studio Rigano Industrial Co…
Hands also frequently provide symbols and perceptions of human personality, energy and mood, and because these multitasking tools are easily soiled, they must be frequently cleansed.
May 06, 2013 | 12:04 PM CDT
By: Art Georgalas, Georgalas Endeavors
To provide consumers an anti-aging benefit, finished products and ingredients must ameliorate both firmness and lines and wrinkles. The loss of firmness, attributed primarily to the loss of underlying dermal support, is both a sign of skin aging and a cause of most lines and wrinkles. Thus, improving this underlying matrix to enhance skin’s appearance should be a key feature of anti-aging product performance.