Table 1. Common diacids

Common name  IUPAC name Chemical formula
Oxalic acid  ethanedioic acid  HOOC-COOH
Malonic acid  propanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)-COOH
Succinic acid  butanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)2-COOH
Glutaric acid  pentanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)3-COOH
Adipic acid  hexanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)4-COOH
Pimelic acid  heptanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)5-COOH
Azelaic acid  nonanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)7-COOH
Sebacic acid  decanedioic acid  HOOC-(CH2)8-COOH