Microcapsules in Cosmetotextiles1

Clothing acts like a kind of patch, passing onto the skin the actives retained in between the fibers. When the body is in contact with the fabric, the microcapsules (that can be figured as liposomes with their bilayers) show more affinity for the skin than for the textile fibers and slowly diffuse to the skin where the actives will be freshly released. There are also systems with a coating process that place microcapsules on the surface during the industrial manufacturing process, and systems that adopt a more flexible application onto a finished garment. The main advantage of the first system is the simplicity of a piece of clothing that need only be worn, but this advantage is usually counterbalanced by the progressive discharge with no system to restore the functionality of the textile.