Formula 1. General toothpaste formula

Formula 1. General toothpaste formula

 Water (aqua)  qs to 100.0% w/w
Hydrotrope (glycerin, sorbitol, xylitol, etc.)  20.0–40.0
Polymer thickener (e.g., carboxymethyl cellulose)  1.0–2.0
Mineral thickener (e.g., silica)  5.0–20.0
 Mineral abrasive  15.0–50.0
 Surfactant  1.0–2.0
 Sweetener  0.1–0.5
 Preservant  0.0–1.0
 Flavor  1.0–2.0
 Color (including titanium dioxide)  0.0–1.0
 Functional additives (fluorides, antibacterial agents, anti-tartar agents, desensitizers, astringents, enzymes, oxidant agents, etc.)  0.0–4.0