a-d

a The Mum deodorant brand, developed in 1888 by a small independent company, is now a product of Kao Corp.

b Sopholiance (INCI: Candida Bombicola/Glucose/Methyl Rapeseedate Ferment) is a product of the Soliance group.

c DeoPlex Organic (INCI: Saccharomyces ferment) is a product of Carrubba.

d Zemea (INCI: Propanediol) is a product of DuPont Tate and Lyle Bio Products, LLC